About 30% of patients with Type 1 diabetes and 10- 40% percent of those with Type 2 diabetes eventually will suffer from kidney failure. 368,544 U.S Only 10% of patients with end-stage renal disease survive 10 years on dialysis.
Glomeruli are tiny capillaries in the kidneys that remove wastes. The glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is the amount of blood that is filtered by the glomeruli per minute. When kidney function declines, the filtration rate decreases and wastes accumulate.
Urine samples are evaluated visually, for color, clarity and concentration; chemically, for various substances, such as glucose and proteins, in solution; and microscopically, for signs of bacteria, crystals and other contaminants.